Daniel Defoe was productive and versatile, writing over five hundred journals, pamphlets, and books. The subjects of his work varied from marriage to politics to the supernatural. A pioneer of economic journalism, he made a name for himself during his lifetime and his influence is still easily noted and widely appreciated. His first publication of note, An Essay upon Projects, offered ideas for social and economic improvement.
After various works resulted in negative attention from the government, he wrote several novels, though did not become truly famous until the publication for the books he wrote between and Daniel Defoe is known for his lively and vigorous style, full of articulate lucid details and illustrations.
The thing that makes the writing of Daniel Defoe stand out more so than others is that he was able to do this with simplicity. He was able to effectively communicate exactly what he wanted to convey without overloading his work with complicated phrases and wording.
His words were always direct and employ colloquial forms of speech, consistency of character, and a dedicated attention to exuberance. His father was a prosperous tallow chandler and was an active member of the Worshipful Company of Butchers. During , seventy thousand people were killed in London by the Great Plague.
Unexpectedly, he survived both of these incidences by only luck and chance. His parents were Presbyterian dissenters, so in his youth, he attended a dissenting academy in Lewington Green, London where he was taught by Charles Morton. It is also believed that Defoe attended the Newington Green Unitarian Church, which is noteworthy because at the time, those who worshipped anywhere else but the Church of England.
Defoe was not only a writer, but a merchant as well. Throughout his business career, he sold woolen goods, wine, and hosiery. Though he did own a country estate and a ship, he was constantly falling further into debt. In , he joined the Monmouth Rebellion, but escaped with a pardon when the rebels were detained. He became a close ally of William III and he became a secret agent for the government.
The author produces this impression of complete reality by employing three main methods which are the using of details, the form of biography or the first person narration and the nautical language. First of all, Defoe uses many details to make his novel seem realistic in an age not preferring imagination. From the beginning of the novel, he mentions the date and place of his birth and tells the origin of his family.
Then, when he plans his escape from slavery, he lists down all the items he intends to take with him. Also, after he reaches the isolated island, he makes eleven voyages to the shipwreck to bring the necessary tools which he needs to live on the island.
During this, he describes how he uses large spare of wood and a spare top mast to make a raft on which he carries his necessities to the isolated island. The narrator recounts in detail all the objects and tools he manages to get from the ship. After that, he starts to accommodate himself to live on the island.
In that time, he recreates his English life, building homes, necessities, learning how to cook, and raise goats and crops. Moreover, Defoe uses the form of autobiography or the first person narrator as a way of narration. The narrator, called Robinson, describes his own life and adventures. Crusoe is the hero of the novel, and the reader knows only what the narrator knows and describes.
The reader is forced to take one point of view which is the vision of the narrator. This creates a lack of honesty in the novel, but it provides the reader with the psychological depth of the hero like the religious transformation of Robinson.
The protagonist narrates his dream of the angel and his faith in God. At last, the author uses a nautical language to add a more depth to his realistic narration. For example, Crusoe describes the details of his first voyage and the roads they sail through. He also describes how his ship sinks while two other ships are driven away from their anchors. Furthermore, during his escape from slavery, he depicts that he sails on the African coast. In addition, he mentions that the captain of the voyage from Brazil to Guinea finds that they are in about eleven degrees north latitude.
Generally, he gives a great attention to how long he travel by sea. In Robinson Crusoe , the novelist uses a lot of details in order to make his novel realistic. Robinson provides the reader with a set of details to describe his activities on the island. After he is marooned on the isolated island, he makes several voyages to the wreck of the ship in order to bring the necessary items which he needs to bring on the island.
He describes how he uses the most to make a raft on which he carries objects to the island. He describes the goods and tools which he finds on the board of the ship.
After that, he starts to build a habitation which consists of a hut and cave. He manages to make boards out of tree woods. Defoe uses the form of autobiography. The novel describes the life of the hero, Crusoe.
He belongs to a middle class family. His father has an estate in York.
Everything you need to know about the writing style of Daniel Defoe's Robinson Crusoe, written by experts with you in mind.
Answer: The narrator of Robinson Crusoe, by Daniel Defoe, has a prominent style of depending on reason. Defoe, as a journalist, makes the novel seem real, not fiction by mentioning many details. There are lists of objects and actions which make the reader think that whatever happens to Crusoe is true.
Defoe’s range is narrow, but within that range he is a novelist of considerable power, and his plain, direct style, as in almost all of his writing, holds the reader’s interest. In he published his last major work of fiction, Roxana, though in the closing years of his life, despite failing health, he remained active and enterprising as. Answer: The narrator of Robinson Crusoe, by Daniel Defoe, has a prominent style of depending on reason. Defoe, as a journalist, makes the novel seem real, not fiction by mentioning many details. There are lists of objects and actions which make the reader think that whatever happens to Crusoe is.
Daniel Defoe Writing Styles in Robinson Crusoe Daniel Defoe This Study Guide consists of approximately 44 pages of chapter summaries, quotes, character analysis, themes, and more - everything you need to sharpen your knowledge of Robinson Crusoe. Daniel Defoe is known for his lively and vigorous style, full of articulate lucid details and illustrations. The thing that makes the writing of Daniel Defoe stand out more so than others is that he was able to do this with simplicity.