Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions. Fundamentals of Evidence Based Medicine. Crash Course Evidence-Based Medicine: Nursing Research and Statistics. Easy Interpretation of Biostatistics E-Book. Clinical Research for Surgeons. Principles and Practical Guidelines. Measurement in Nursing and Health Research. Clinical Research in Complementary and Integrative Medicine. Nursing Research - E-Book. Modern Clinical Trial Analysis. Cognitive Informatics in Health and Biomedicine.
Designs for Clinical Trials. Publishing Your Medical Research. Principles and Practice of Clinical Trial Medicine. Management of Chronic Kidney Disease. Contemporary Treatment of Erectile Dysfunction. Principles and Practice of Biostatistics - E-book. Randomization in Clinical Trials. Genetics of Diabetes Mellitus. Critical Thinking in Clinical Research. Doing Research in Emergency and Acute Care.
Lipoproteins in Diabetes Mellitus. Advanced Concepts in Surgical Research. Handbook for Clinical Research. Research Methods in Radiology. Diabetes and the Brain. Heart Failure in Clinical Practice. Developments in Statistical Evaluation of Clinical Trials. Clinical Manual of Total Cardiovascular Risk. Disorders of Blood Pressure Regulation. Evidence Synthesis in Healthcare. Understanding Clinical Data Analysis. Hypertension and Metabolic Cardiovascular Risk Factors.
Diabetes and Peripheral Vascular Disease. Statistical Methods in Healthcare. How to write a great review. Imagine that your dissertation used a quantitative research design and a survey as your main research method. In the process of analysing your data, it is possible that when examining relationships between variables i. For instance, imagine that you were comparing responses amongst employees within an organisation based on specific age groups. There may only be a small group or just one employee within a particular age group e.
Therefore, you need to consider ways of overcoming such problems, such as: A further alternative is to seek permission for access to data and analysis to be restricted to the published material, perhaps only allowing it to be viewed by those individuals marking your work.
If the work is later published, adjustments would then need to be made to protect the confidentiality of participants. There are also a wide range of potential legal protections that may affect what research you can and cannot perform, how you must treated the data of research participants, and so forth.
In other words, you don? Since this varies from country-to-country, you should ask your dissertation supervisor or Ethics Committee for advice or a legal professional. At first sight, deceptive practices fly in the face of informed consent. After all, how can participants know a that they are taking part in research and b what the research requires of them if they are being deceived?
This is part of what makes the use of deceptive practices controversial. For this reason, in most circumstances, dissertation research should avoid any kinds of deceptive practices. However, this is not always the case. Deception is sometimes a necessary component of covert research , which can be justified in some cases. Cases where you may choose to engage in covert research may include instances where:.
It is not feasible to let everyone in a particular research setting know what you are doing. Overt observation or knowledge of the purpose of the research may alter the particular phenomenon that is being studied. By feasibility , we are not talking about the cost of doing research. Instead, we mean that it is not practically possible to let everyone in a particular research setting know what you are doing.
This is most likely to be the case where research involves observation , rather than direct contact with participants, especially in a public or online setting. There are a number of obvious instances where this may be the case:.
Clearly, in these cases, where individuals are coming and going, it may simply be impossible to let everyone known what you are doing. You may not be intentionally trying to engage in deceptive practices , but clearly participants are not giving you their informed consent. Where observations or a participants? Therefore, when you think about whether to engage in covert research and possibly deceptive practices , you should think about the extent to which this could be beneficial in your dissertation, not research in general; that is, everything from the research paradigm that guides your dissertation through to the data analysis techniques you choose affect issues of research ethics in your dissertation [see the article: Imagine some of the following scenarios where covert research may be considered justifiable:.
You are conducting a piece of research looking at prejudice. Whilst participants are given a questionnaire to complete that measures their prejudice, it is not obvious from the questions that this is the case.
Furthermore, participants are not told that the research is about prejudice because it is felt that this could alter their responses. After all, few people would be happy if other people thought they were prejudice. As a result, if participants knew that this is the purpose of the study, they may well provide responses that they think will make them appear less prejudice.
You are interested in understanding the organisational culture in a single firm. You feel that observation would be an appropriate research method in such a naturalistic setting. However, you feel that if employees knew that you were monitoring them, they may behave in a different way.
Therefore, you may have received permission to go undercover or provide a story to explain why you are there, which is not the truth. Whilst such covert research and deceptive practices, especially where used intentionally , can be viewed as controversial, it can be argued that they have a place in research. With the exception of those instances of covert observation where is not feasible to let everyone that is being observed know what you are doing, research participants should always have the right to withdraw from the research process.
Furthermore, participants should have the right to withdraw at any stage in the research process. When a participant chooses to withdraw from the research process, they should not be pressured or coerced in any way to try and stop them from withdrawing.
Ethics consent form ]. Now that you have read these basic principles of research ethics , you may want to understand how the research strategy you have chosen affects your approach to research ethic s [see the article: You will need to understand the impact of your research strategy on your approach to research ethics when writing up the Research Ethics section of your Research Strategy chapter usually Chapter Three: Principles of research ethics There are a number of ethical principles that should be taken into account when performing undergraduate and master's level dissertation research.
Each of these basic principles of research ethics is discussed in turn: Providing the right to withdraw. There are a number of types of harm that participants can be subjected to. Physical harm to participants. Psychological distress and discomfort. An invasion of participants? In order to minimising the risk of harm you should think about: Obtaining informed consent from participants.
A major contribution to the methodology literature, Principles of Research Methodology: A Guide for Clinical Investigators is an authoritative resource for all individuals who perform research, plan to perform it, or wish to understand it better.
A major contribution to the methodology literature, Principles of Research Methodology: A Guide for Clinical Investigators is an authoritative resource for all individuals who perform research, plan to perform it, or wish to understand it better.5/5(2).
Principles of Methodology: Research Design in Social Science and millions of other books are available for Amazon Kindle. Learn more Enter your mobile number or email address below and we'll send you a link to download the free Kindle App. The National Institutes of Health (NIH) names the principles governing acceptable human research: social and clinical value, scientific validity, fair subject selection, favorable risk-benefit ratio, independent review, informed consent, .
Principles of Research Methodology: A Guide for Clinical Investigators is the definitive, comprehensive guide to understanding and performing clinical research. Designed for medical students, physicians, basic scientists involved in translational research, and other health professionals, this indispensable reference also addresses the unique. Research design is the plan that provides the logical structure that guides the investigator to address research problems and answer research questions. It is one of the most important components of research methodology.