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I think standardisation may also be acceptable here as an independent measures design was used and this can be used to minimise extraneous variables also. Chi squared test was used, apart from levels of measurement, give two reasons why it was used 2 marks Used because it was independent groups and they were looking for a difference. Although the difference was given in the stem, it asked not to talk about nominal data as that is a level of measurement 5.

Using the degrees of freedom table, is data from this experiment significant? Discuss the authoritarian personality as an explanation for obedience 8 marks The authoritarian personality was found by adorno who said it had certain characteristics, these would include conventional attitudes towards sex, race and gender.

They believe we need strong leaders to enforce traditional values and are extremely loyal and submissive to authority. This type of personality was found to be as a result of harsh parenting. This parenting style consisted of high expectations, criticism of perceived failings, and conditional love. However, one limitation of this explanation is that it cannot explain why a whole country obeyed.

For example, pre-war germany all had racist, anti-sematic views and therefore displayed the personality depsite the fact that they must have had individual differences in their personality. This means that this explanation cannot apply to everyone, so social identity theory is more correct.

Although Milgram and Elms found a positive correlation between scoring highly on the F scale and an authoritarian personality, there were methodological issues with this study. Participants would be led to the authoritarian personality as all questions were worded in the same direction. This means participants could be characterised with an authoritarian personality by simply agreeing and ticking boxes, these people are known as acquiscers. This means the explanation has a limited external validity.

Outline another explanation for obedience 3 marks Agentic state is a social-psychological explanation. The autonomous state is when you are responsible for your own actions. The agentic shift occurs when you perceive someone else as an authoritative figure so you shift your responsibility to them.

You could also talk about legitimate authority here 8. Procedural memory is your memory for actions such as riding a bike, we don't have to think about this so our brain can carry out other processes. Procedural memory is implicit memory non-declarative ie. How will the word lists affect recall? List B uses semantically similar words and LTM codes acoustically so harder to recall Two insecure resistant characteristics 2 marks high stranger anxiety, low willingness to explore the new environment Identify three stages of attachment 3 marks Any three from asocial, specific, indiscriminate,multiple Outline reciprocity in infant-caregiver interactions 2 marks Responding to the action of another with a similar response, where the action of one person elicits a response from another, not necessarily the same as in interactional synchrony ie.

Germans viewed as cold and rejecting, mothers made to take maternity leave when don't want to Stem question on anca effects of institutionalisation 5 marks Delayed intellectual development as poor conditions might not provide mental stimulation, disinhibited attachment as may not have had once specific careworker so she will treat strangers with appropriate familiarity, poorer social relationships later in life, developmental dwarfism, mental health issues like depression Discuss findings into cultural variations of attachment 8 marks Van ijzendoorn and kroonenberg study and findings, takahashi or other study you have been taught , evaluation of van ijzendoorn can be explained by mass media and it measured countries not cultures as in each country there are many different cultures https: Outline one or more treatments of phobias 6 marks Systematic desensitisation or flooding.

SD uses desensitisation hierarchy creates reciprocal inhibition, counter conditioning, relaxation techniques then exposure. Application question to Rob. Rob was being unhygienic as he was untidy, not self actualised as he may not be getting into uni limitation - devation from mental health treats it in the same way as physical health and does not look at root cause so treatment may not be effective for rob.

Last edited by Zozaaaa; at Natalie Follow 0 followers 1 badge Send a private message to Natalie Follow 8 Original post by chloebooth I put nominal. Realise now that's a level of measurement not a type of data. Think they were looking for either primary or quantitative. Follow 9 I wrote about nominal data but I think both nominal and quantitative is correct 3. Matched pairs and some more detail on it Thanks for this!

Retrieval is where information is taken out of storage. The Multi-store model The multi store model is a model of memory which consists of three main section connected by arrows which indicate mental processes. Chunking Chunking is the process of grouping pieces of info together so as they are easier to remember For example if we try to memorise 8 8 6 9 5 4 3 5 6 7 8 9 it is twelve pieces of information seperated but if we chunk them To test the effects of chunking.

The Experimental group recalled many more letters than the control. To investigate free recall and its effect on a persons memory.

To see if the processing level has an effect on a persons memory. Is the word in upper case letters? Does the word rhyme with? Does the word go in this sentence? They found these results Level of processing The results show that more PP's remembered words they had to think hard about. Reconstructive model of memory A: Reconstructive model of memory This model of memory is the idea that new information is processed by existing knowledge which we use to impose some sort of meaning on this new info.

To test the idea that people use schemas to learn new information P: We use schemas to help remember information. Interference Interference is the process where information can affect our ability to recall or remember new information. Proactive - Old information stops new information being absorbed. To test the retroactive theory P: This suggest that information can interfere with the learning of other information. Amnesia Amnesia is when a person forgets everything or is unable to learn information.

Anterograde - Is the inability to recall new information. Bruce and Youngs stages or facial recognition. Bruce and Young suggested that there are three stages to recognising a face.

The first stage we don't even see the entire face just features. Then next stage we put together the parts of the face to form a mental image. We then look up this face in our memory banks to see if we recognise the person from before. Connect with like-minded professionals and have your say on the issues that matter to you. In order to get a C in , students had to get 48 marks in unit 1 compared to only 32 last year! For unit 2, they had to get 52 marks in instead of 45 in ThePsychology is a relatively new spec, and so there is always the issue of the 'early days' having a lower boundary as centres and students adapt.

I can understand why you're upset though - that is a pretty significant move on the face of it, and one which I'd assume is down to candidate attainment. Put simply, students get better over time as we and they make use of past papers, reports etc.

What would be interesting is to have a look at your centre as compared to national results. If they aren't on par, I'd say that your centre hasn't moved upwards in-line with the standard.


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On the left we have all the topics we need to learn for AQA GCSE psychology. We have a total of 8 topics in total spread over 2 exam papers. Each exam paper is worth 50% of the overall GCSE and is 1hr 45 minutes long. GCSE Psychology provides a sound understanding of the methods and approaches through various topic areas representing the core areas of social, cognitive, developmental, biological and individual differences.