Abortion, euthanasia, and the value of human. All sides to the issue July 15 Harvard university press, Dushkin publishing group, Wrath of Angels the American Abortion War.
Free essays on Abortion posted on this site were donated by anonymous users and are provided for informational use only. The free Abortion research paper Pro-Life Side Of Abortion essay presented on this page should not be viewed as a sample of our on-line writing service. Josly Villar ESL David shnaiderman July 17 Pro-life side of abortion Abortion is defined as the induced termination of pregnancy and expulsion of an embryo or fetus that is incapable of survival.
Abortion can be either a spontaneous abortion miscarriage , or a medically induced termination of pregnancy. The sides of abortion are the pro-life, which is the side against abortion, and pro-choice, which is the side that supports it. This issue should be illegal except in cases of rape and danger to the mother, cause the unborn person should have the rights to live and to have the same opportunities as anybody else, even though if it doesn t have the love from the mother, it should be give up for adoption.
There should be more education on how to prevent it from happening from school support groups and from the department of education as Robert francoeur says in his book tanking sides.
The pro-life side argues that a fetus is a person and should have the right to live. But what does all this visualization of the fetus tell us about the issue of fetal person hood?
If the fetus looks human, is it necessarily human? Ethics and philosopher Joseph Fletcher warns that the powerful visual images of the fetus in the uterus seduce many into a proleptic fallacy; that is, in their anticipation of the future birth, they describe the fetus as a person and attribute person hood to it as if it had already been born. To understand why abortion should be illegal there has to be an overview to the ethical question of abortion, and the value of a human life.
Also the different aspects and opinions on these issues, those aspects are: It s history, What does the bible have to say in this issue, the doctor s point of view and should he know when does a life becomes a human life, a woman s point of view and the different types of laws that regard this issue.
Teen Pregnancy says that: Until the 12th week of pregnancy, medically induced abortion is a matter between a girl her physician. After the 12th week, some states have laws that may regulate abortion according to the teenager's health. After the 24th week of pregnancy, many states have laws, which regulate and even prohibit abortion except in cases. There have been a lot of opinions regarding the sides of abortion and at what part of reproduction does a fetus is considered a biological live.
An overwhelming majority of the experts answered emphatically that biological life begins at conception or implantation. Pro-abortionist failed to produce even a single expert witness who would testify that life begins at some point other than conception or implantation.
Some pro-abortionist did present an interesting alternative point of view, which has become popular over the past several decades. This alternative viewpoint basically sees all life as a continuum with no specific beginning.
It considers the continuum to run from sperm and egg, to single-cell zygote, to multi-cell blastocyst, to embryo, to fetus, to newborn, etc. Unfortunately, this new approach fails to reckon with the obvious scientific fact that there is a definite starting point in human biological life.
At conception the sperm and eggs, each of which contains only part of the genetic material required to form a person, merge to form a new unique biological entity. Unlike the sperm or egg, the diploid zygote possesses a unique human genotype and the power of full differentiation, without which no human life can be expresses. The haploid sperm and egg are only parts of the potential for human life. As Bell and howell says in their essay: Bioethics refers to the application of moral reasoning to issues raised by medical treatments, technologies, and the life sciences.
Bioethical decisions are quite simply life choices -choices regarding the meaning of life, its beginning, the quality of its continuation, and its end. Bioethical issues include the allocation of health care resources, life-prolonging treatments, organ transplantation, euthanasia, physician-assisted suicide, abortion, new reproductive technologies, and recent advances in genetics diagnosis and therapy. Such issues often prove controversial and divisive.
Occasionally, bioethical questions leave us puzzled and confused: Illegal abortions, although rare in the US, are common worldwide; they carry a high risk of complications, including perforation of the uterus, and severe bleeding. Infertility or death often results. One common reason for abortions at the latter stage of pregnancy is that an amniocenteses procedure has detected that the fetus has a serious genetic defect. With currently approved technology, these procedures can only be done later in pregnancy.
An experimental non-invasive blood test is currently being evaluated in the U. Another common reason is that the woman is young and in denial about her pregnancy, and does not seek an abortion until she can hide it no longer. In the ancient cultures there are a few recorded legal prohibitions against abortion in antiquity; there are even fewer ancient laws protecting the practice. Killing the baby outside the womb after delivery, however, was a prominent subject of debate much like abortion is today, for most of the same reasons.
Hippocrates, the father of the modern medicine and sopranos the greatest of the ancient gynecologist, both opposed abortion, though whether this was for protection of the mother or fetus is not clear. The Hippocratic oath, formulated around BC and taken verbatim by U. The Bible never mentions the word abortion , as a result some people wold say that this practice is not prohibit, but the Bible appears to be silent on the topic of abortion. There are some quotes of some anti-abortion authors on the opinion of the Bible in this issue: The silence of the New Testament regarding abortion surpasses even that of the Old Testament.
Spontaneous abortions, or miscarriages, occur for many reasons, including disease, trauma, or genetic or biochemical incompatibility of mother and fetus. Occasionally a fetus dies in the uterus but fails to be expelled, a condition termed a missed abortion.
The woman point of view is very important, since she is the one going through the thought process of deciding if the child should live or not, as Caroline Garage says in her home page: The beginning of human life is not religious, moral or philosophical issue: From the time those 23 cromozones become 46 onward, the unborn is a living, developing individual with a unique genetic makeup.
Some woman feel that the medical community should emphasize on finding safe and effective birth control that would eliminate the need for abortion. That would be the easiest solution, because the debate will still rage on, and some abortions will still occur. But before effective birth control is found, before society changes its attitude toward pregnancy, and makes it more acceptable for woman or young girls to be pregnant.
Henry Bracton, the father of the common la , apparently regarded abortion at least after 5 or 6 weeks as homicide and it seems that at early common law abortion was a felony, and, therefore, a hanging offense. Later commentators, Coke and Blackstone, held expressly that abortion after quickening was not the crime of murder, but a separate crime.
The American law, before general codification of law became commonplace in the 19th century; criminal law was based on the common law inherited from England. Exactly what this was could vary depending on when the state is said to have received the common law. There have been some judicial cases involving abortion the most popular one was the case of Roe v. Even though the court legalizes abortion in all 50 states after this case I m opposed to the legalization of it, To summarize this case, Roe v.
First step or misstep A pregnant single woman brought a class action challenging the constitutionality of the Texas criminal abortion laws, which proscribed procuring or attempting an abortion except on medical advice for the purpose of the saving the mother s life.
The plaintiff s assertion was that prohibiting abortion at any time before birth violated a woman s constitutional right to privacy. In retrospect, an estimate 38,, innocent children were aborted since when the process was legalized. Abortion is a simple and safe procedure if it is done by trained medical workers during the first trimester. There are four different techniques utilized during the first twelve weeks of pregnancy.
Suction aspiration, also known as vacuum curettage, is the most common surgical means of abortion. This is when a powerful suction tube with a sharp cutting edge is inserted into the womb through the dilated cervix. The suction dismembers the body of the developing baby, tearing the placenta from the wall of the uterus, and sucking blood, amniotic fluids, placental tissue, and fetal parts into a bottle. Although it is one of the safer methods, there are still frequent complications such as infection and tearing of the uterus, causing hemorrhaging.
The placenta is then scraped off the uterine wall. RU and Methotrexate are two similar types of chemical abortion. RU is a pill that can be taken orally only during the five to nine week period. Three trips must be made to the abortion clinic.
In the first, the RU pill is administered after a physical examination. During the 2nd, 36 — 48 hours later, the woman is given a dose of artificial prostaglandins initiating uterine contractions. This causes the embryonic baby to be expelled from the uterus.
The third visit, about two weeks later, can determine whether the abortion has been completed or if further surgery is necessary. Methotrexate is administered by intramuscular injection. It attacks growing cells of the trophoblast, which functions as the life support system for the baby. This injection causes the immediate disintegration of sheltering environment in which the embryo lives.
Without food or fluids, the living, helpless fetus dies. This dangerous method is rarely used because of its unpredictable side affects. The second trimester includes the thirteenth to twenty-eighth week. The only side affect is profuse bleeding, and impossible cervical laceration.
The rest of the procedures can be done during either the second or third trimester the twenty-ninth to fortieth week. The first method is Salt Poisoning, otherwise known as saline amniocentesis. A needle is inserted into the abdomen of the mother. Her amniotic fluid is replaced with a solution of concentrated salt.
Upon swallowing the salt, the baby is instantly poisoned. The baby will die after about an hour. The mother delivers the dead baby after a period of 33 — 35 hours. Some common side affects are seizures, coma, and even death. Prostaglandins are naturally produced chemical compounds which normally aid in the birthing process.
However, the injection of artificial prostaglandins at too early a stage induce violent labor followed by premature birth. Often, various forms of toxins, are inserted to insure dead delivery. The dead baby is then removed from the uterus.
Hysterotomy is a method generally used when others have failed. If you decide to write a research paper against abortion, make sure to explain your position on why you are against it, search for reliable sources that demonstrate the negative influence of such procedures, introduce the real testimonies of those who have resorted to it, discuss the political and social matter of the issue, use scientific research that defends your statement. Drawing upon your outline and notes, you can also turn to research questions about abortion.
They can be different, for example, is it a matter of human rights or, are is it a matter of women rights, or maybe both? Should people reference to Bible when discussing this issue? Is it better to make it illegal and would it be a good or bad decision? Eventually, this draft will be revised and there no need to focus on stylistic requirements and avoiding grammatical mistakes.
You should focus on the content of the research essay on abortion, taking into account your outline, drawing upon your notes. After having completed the draft, check if each topic in the main body correlates with the thesis, also take notice of pieces of evidence, check if each idea is supported by facts.
After that, compose a final draft. Here you should pay attention to stylistic requirements of the paper. It should contain citations and references, title page if required. These steps can help you start completing your assignment and elucidate how to write the research paper. We do hope that these tips will help you write an excellent paper, and in case you face too many difficulties, you can buy research paper online at our website. A cause and effect essay is a paper where writer introduces causes and then describes the possible implications.
First, you should decide what should be the cause and what exactly should be the effect. If the termination of pregnancy is the cause, then you will want to describe possible consequences, such as physiological and psychological complications. If the procedure is the effect, you will describe the causes that have led to this measure. Choose your strategy and mind that the essay can be informative or convincing.
It will give direction to the flow of the essay while gathering data and making notes. Usually, this type of an essay consists of 5 paragraphs, including introduction, a paragraph where the cause of the issue is introduced, the paragraph where the effect is highlighted, and the paragraph where these two are combined. As usual, they are followed by the conclusion.
We believe that the tips mentioned above will help, but if you need more information on how to write a good cause and effect essay , you can always count on us and ask our support team in chat. This type of an essay uses irony, humor, and hyperbole to ridicule the topic. This essay is intended to entertain the readers, but it also should be eye-opening and useful.
The main purpose is to make readers see the absurdity of the issue, which is discussed. You can resort to exaggeration in order to criticize it or say something absolutely opposite to what you really mean to express discrepancy between the expectations and real happening. Make jokes in order to receive the desirable reaction, because this is the shortest way to make the reader think as you do. This type of essay implies the explanation of a certain topic or a number of ideas to a particular audience.
It has basic requirements, though. It contains an introduction and thesis, main body and conclusion. It also should be a 5-paragraph essay, where the main body consists of three paragraphs. It can be more sections of the main body, but not less. A 5-page essay on abortion can comprehensively describe the topic and explain the main points.
Compose your outline, list certain examples, which can demonstrate the main points of your topic. It can be a personal experience or real stories from life.
Make sure that there is a connection between the thesis and examples. In conclusion, it is better to give a concise overview in conjunction with a forecast or recommendations for the future. Before starting to write the essay and after conducting a proper research on the subject, you should compose the outline. Define the appropriate topic on abortion. Introduction paragraph should highlight the subject of the paper; in this case, the subject is the termination of pregnancy. In this section the reader should also be informed on how the paper is organized, it can be a concise introduction of general evidence that proves your thesis.
And the last part of it should be the thesis. It should clearly express your point of view on the topic. This is what the essay on abortion introduction should be. The main body of the essay should be composed of arguments connected to the thesis supported by evidence.
If required, there can also be several counterarguments and their refutation. Termination of pregnancy is a rather sensitive subject to write about; it is recommended to choose the abortion counterarguments, that you can convincingly refute in order to link it to the thesis. It is especially effective in the essay on pros and cons of abortion. The main body is followed by a conclusion. Make sure that it concisely restates all the main arguments supporting the main idea, summarize all the introduced information in order to tie it up to the thesis.
In order to make your writing project really attractive, you should use some writing techniques, which can notably improve and mark it out among the numerous amount of others. There are a lot of abortion essays on the Internet, and in order to make someone want to read yours, you should define the audience that you are addressing in your paper.
Depending on the audience, the tactic will also change. For example, if your audience is a professor, the method of drawing attention will differ from the one when you are addressing your topic to your classmates or groupmates, as well as other possible social groups. Define if your target group is captive. If it is a professor or an admission person, your objective will be to encourage them to give you a good grade or to persuade them to admit you into the university.
And besides, they are obliged to read your paper, because it is their job. When the target group is not paid for reading your project, you should think about how to draw their attention so that they would be interested in reading particularly your paper, because there is a huge chance that they will skip your paper and choose another one instead.
As there was mentioned before, termination of pregnancy is a rather popular topic and the abortion essay hooks will be a lifeline of your paper. When you understand what your audience is, the next step is to figure out what your readers want to read about, what are they interested in. Are they looking for entertainment? Are they willing to solve their problem? Maybe they want to find some particular information?
Or they are interested in your personal thoughts? There are no strict rules of composing a good hook. After defining the target group and its motivation, define the purpose of your paper. It can be an argumentative essay or a persuasive essay, it can also be a cause and effect essay or satiric essay, it can be a research project or expository essay, etc.
Depending on the type of paper, the purpose will change. In some cases, the purpose is to describe the topic, and in others, it is to convince the reader in your rightness regarding the arguments that you provide on the matter. Sometimes, it has to be an informative writing or a descriptive one, and sometimes it is exploratory. A good hook should be supposed to evoke some feelings, and you are to determine what they should feel like after reading it, motivated to act in a certain way or become interested in your life story, get scared or entertained.
A good hook represents the objective of your paper and what you want to share with. To make it completely clear, you can look through several abortion essay examples, which have similar objectives to your own essay, so it can be rather helpful. When you are writing an argumentative essay, you should focus on choosing a good topic. It is one of the most sensitive issues to write about.
It belongs to ten of the most disputable themes: Argument essay topics on abortion can be narrowed to the specific position on pro-life or pro-choice. Your task is to define which position you will defend and from what point of view. You can highlight it in terms of religion, morality, law, human rights, ethics, health, etc. The conclusion is intended to summarize the entire project; this is where you should revise your hook sentence, your thesis, and major ideas.
There is a wide range of abortion research topics to choose from, here is the list of possible interesting ones:. The best way to learn how to write not just a good but a top-notch essay on abortion is to follow the instructions in conjunction with following the best essay examples.
It will give you an idea of how to compose a well-structured paper. Good samples are sophisticated and contain an advanced vocabulary; they are saturated with rich sentence structure and complex grammatical structures. At the same time, examples of abortion essays can be useful in demonstrating the basic principles of writing, they represent the structure of the required type of work and help you understand the flow of the idea: They can help you look at the topic comprehensively revealing the issue from different sides, giving you direction and inspiring you.
Abortion essay outline example can inspire you to write a really decent outline for your own topic, boosting the writing process and accelerating it. They can also become very helpful to save your time, give you direction and focus on the most important ideas, which are already gathered together in the best way. There is no need to reinvent the wheel, all you will need to do is to make it original, unique, and bright in terms of language and supporting evidence.
As it was mentioned before, a sample essay on abortion can not only give an insight of the practical application of a certain style or literature device, but it can encourage you, relying upon the recognized analog of the best variant of the required paper, to write your own masterpiece. Using the best solutions from different samples, you can win the attention of your audience and achieve the desired effect. If you are stuck with your research or feel a lack of time, or you have a very important essay that is vital for your future, as an assignment, it would be a good idea to resort to a free essay on abortion as soon as possible.
In the combination of following the instructions on the structure and style with your own efforts, it will quickly give you a notion of where to start from and how to move on, how to make it comprehensive, grammatically and stylistically correct, rich in terms of language and content. Now when you have a guideline about how to write research papers, argumentative essays, and corresponding types of papers, you may want to take a look at abortion research paper examples, argumentative essays and other examples of different types of papers on this topic.
You can easily find them on the Internet and on our website as well. The two opposing points of views can indicate advantages and disadvantages of termination of pregnancy. In the advantages of abortion essays, one can highlight the issue in terms of the positive effect of this measure. For example, to emphasize the positive side of this procedure, you can focus on various aspects. The positive effects of abortion essays can describe the issue in terms of the possible life course of a woman who took a decision to resort to the procedure.
If she is a teenager, she will get an opportunity to devote herself to the education; if she is unmarried, she will increase her chances to get married; if she is poor, she will be able to stand on her own feet and give birth to the child at a better time, so that the child will be able to grow in a full family of mature and educated parents. If you are to write a disadvantages of abortion essay, it would be reasonable to stick to the following arguments.
Physical and psychological complications can follow the procedure of termination of pregnancy, a woman can experience health complications and unbearable sense of guilt throughout her entire life, it can also cause a pressure from the society, it can also lead to infertility. Consequences of abortion essay should describe the issue from both sides. It can cause long-term effects and short-term effects.
Among the long-term consequences are health complications and death. The short-term effects include increased breast cancer risk, infertility, post-traumatic stress disorder, sexual dysfunction.
However, the issue can remain a philosophical question, even though it has a practical influence on a daily life of humanity. You can still try to find the answer to this question posing it in a philosophical essay on abortion. Humanity representatives of different cultures and countries have not established a common understanding of what is right regarding this extremely debatable topic.
Basically, you are required to consider the issue in accordance with the necessary thesis. You should explain it, provide the supporting arguments, offer an objection and defend your thesis against the objection to it, describe the issue in terms of pros and cons, provide the reader with possible consequences it might have.
There is a good example of a decent philosophical essay on the topic by Carl Sagan. Carl Sagan essay on abortion raises the most arguable questions regarding the debatable issue. For example, at what moment life begins? Should the right to live depend on circumstances of conception? What history tells us about abortion?
Order now Log in. The Con-Pro pattern should contain: All these three patterns are recommended for short argumentative essay on abortion. It consists of the introduction, two parts of the main body and conclusion. The first part includes three parts with counterclaim points with refutations, and the second part with three claim points and supporting arguments.
Our tips on how to write an argumentative essay about abortion TIP 1 — Search Before you start writing an argumentative essay on abortion, the most important thing you should do is search for information. TIP 3 — Strong intro. TIP 4 — Facts, facts and even more facts.
TIP 5 — Apply your knowledge As you can now produce two completely different points of view, it is time to start writing the heart of an argumentative essay — the main part. Here are the most common situations, when a woman either wants or needs to have an abortion: There is a high risk of death while giving birth either for the woman or the fetus. Note that reasons may vary: The fetus might have a genetic disease or any other anomaly, so that it will suffer after the birth.
The woman was raped or it was incest. In both of the cases woman suffers a high level of stress and giving birth will definitely not reduce it. A mentally ill person cannot take a proper care of a baby or give birth safely.
A woman’s right to abortion is rapidly being eroded by the proliferation of state laws banning certain types of abortions. ANTI-ABORTION “PRO-LIFE” MOVEMENT IS ANTI-LIFE by Carl D. Bradley The “pro-life” movement is not a defender of human life–it is, in fact, a profound enemy of actual human life and happiness.
Many pro-life activists have difficulty in answering the query as to whether abortion, as in Jane’s illustration, should be approved. According to Haney (), a sixteenth of 10, cases of abortion are as a result of rape while the rest are occasioned by social issues.
A Pro-life Perspective Diane Dew's Essays on Life Issues. Articles addressing every aspect of abortion: spiritual, psychological, medical, legal, societal, political. Essay: Abortion – Prolife view Abortion, the termination of pregnancy before the fetus is capable of independent life, can either be spontaneous or induced. It is called “the knowing destruction of the life of an unborn child.” (Mass General Laws Chapter Section 12K) When abortion occurs spontaneously, it is called a miscarriage.
In response to this, pro-choice advocates have responded that a fetus does not have a right to life and the decision to procure an abortion is every woman’s personal choice. As can be seen, both of these arguments hinge on different assumptions regarding whether or not a fetus has a right to life.4/5(13). Abortion: A Comparative Essay Abour Pro-life and Pro-choice flared up in today’s society, abortion is a highly debated topic that has sparked some of the most violent discussions. The rapid growth in teenage pregnancy has only increased the amount of attention that has been drawn to abortion and whether it is ethical or not.