The Tragedy of Hamlet, Prince of Denmark. Mowat and Paul Werstine. Inside the Special Forces. The Power of Focus for College Students. Speier, and Jennifer R. A History of the Modern World: Baker, Ronenn Roubenoff, and Lawrence Lindner. Strong Women and Men Beat Arthritis. A History in Words and Pictures. Canadian Facts and Dates. Rogerson, Holly Deemer, et al. Words for Students of English: U of Pittsburgh P, True Stories of Trouble and Survival.
The Joy in Loving: Jaya Chaliha and Edward Le Joly. With Scott to the Pole: Photographs of Herbert Ponting. Rita and Robert Kimber. If the encyclopedia is well known and articles are arranged alphabetically, it is not necessary to indicate the volume and page numbers.
If the encyclopedia is not well known, you must give full publication information including author, title of article, title of encyclopedia, name of editor or edition, number of volumes in the set, place of publication, publisher and year of publication. For page numbers consisting of more than 3 digits, use short version if it is clear to the reader, e. Note also that there is no period after the month. If there are 4 or less letters in the month, e.
May, June, and July, the months are not abbreviated. If the publication date is July 18, , citation will be 18 July Where a newspaper title does not indicate the location of publication, add the city of publication between square brackets, e. Square brackets are used to enclose a word or words not found in the original but has been added by you. The above citation shows: If the article is accessed online, add Access date and URL at the end. Mohanty, Subhanjoy, and Ray Jayawardhana.
Thomas, Cathy Booth, and Tim Padgett. Wolanski, Eric, et al. Suggested citation example from SIRS: Bluestone, Barry, and Irving Bluestone. Example in MLA style: Put in square brackets [ ] important information you have added that is not found in the source cited. Your Canadian Financial Planning Software. May use short forms: Edition, Editor, or Edited , Comp.
Views from Within , comp. Master of Dreams , by Diane Waldman. Toronto-Central West Edition , Companies Even Get a Bonjour? When citing a definition from a dictionary, add the abbreviation Def.
Short forms may be used, e. You may add other information as deemed pertinent between the title and the distributor. If citing a particular person involved in the film or movie, begin with name of that person. Charlie and the Chocolate Factory. Based on book by Roald Dahl.
Paula Weinstein, Chris Bender, and J. Jennifer Lopez and Jane Fonda. Based on Nurse Matilda Books Writ. Twentieth Century Fox and Paramount, Williams, and Adam Schroeder.
Jackie Chan and Jennifer Love Hewitt. Cite government document in the following order if no author is stated: Minister of Indian Affairs and Northern Development. National Council on Disability. GPO, July 31, For examples on how to cite more complicated government documents, please see Section 5. Internet citation for an article from an online database e.
SIRS, eLibrary , study guide, magazine, journal, periodical, newsletter, newspaper, online library subscription database service, or an article in PDF with one or more authors stated. Internet citation for an article from an online magazine, journal, periodical, newsletter, or newspaper with no author stated.
Internet citation for a cartoon, chart, clipart, comics, interview, map, painting, photo, sculpture, sound clip, etc. Internet citation for an e-mail email from an individual, a listserver, an organization, or citation for an article forwarded from an online database by e-mail.
Internet citation for an online project, an information database, a personal or professional Web site. Internet citation for a work translated and edited by another Basic components of an Internet citation: Skip any information that you cannot find anywhere on the Web page or in the Web site, and carry on, e.
Generally, a minimum of three items are required for an Internet citation: If the URL is too long for a line, divide the address where it creates the least ambiguity and confusion, e. Do not divide a term in the URL that is made up of combined words e. Never add a hyphen at the end of the line to indicate syllabical word division unless the hyphen is actually found in the original URL.
Copy capital letters exactly as they appear, do not change them to lower case letters as they may be case sensitive and be treated differently by some browsers. Remember that the purpose of indicating the URL is for readers to be able to access the Web page.
Accuracy and clarity are essential. SIRS, eLibrary , study guide, magazine, journal, periodical, newsletter, newspaper, online library subscription database service, or an article in PDF with one or more authors stated: Machado, Victoria, and George Kourakos.
Public Policy Forum, Why Valid Code Matters. Indicate page numbers after publication date if available, e. Leave out page numbers if not indicated in the source. If citing the above source but information is obtained from accessing eLibrary at home, leave out the location of the school.
Internet citation for an article from an online encyclopedia: Internet citation for an article from an online magazine, journal, periodical, newsletter, or newspaper with no author stated: A Dragon Economy and the Abacus. Internet citation for an article in a scholarly journal: Internet citation for a cartoon, chart, clipart, comics, interview, map, painting, photo, sculpture, sound clip, etc.: Kersten, Rick, and Pete Kersten.
State Historical Society of Wisconsin. Internet citation for an e-mail email from an individual, a listserve, an organization, or citation for an article forwarded from an online database by e-mail: Internet citation for an online government publication: Modernizing Accountability Practices in the Public Sector. National Archives and Records Administration.
The Bill of Rights. Internet citation for an online posting, forum, letter to the editor: Internet citation for an online project, an information database, a personal or professional Web site: Washington U School of Medicine. Wurmser, Meyrav, and Yotam Feldner. Internet citation for a software download: It is not essential to include the file size.
Do so if preferred by your instructor. Internet citation for a speech taken from a published work with an editor: The Collected Works of Abraham Lincoln.
Internet citation for a work translated and edited by another: State name of speaker, title of lecture in quotes, conference, convention or sponsoring organization if known, location, date. Letter to the Editor: Reply to a letter to the Editor: Reply to letter of Bill Clark. A letter you received from John Smith: Letter to the author. Published letter in a collection: Treat citation as if it is a book with no author stated. Indicate if the citation is for a chart or a map.
Components for a published score, similar to a book citation: Components for citing original artwork: Rachevskaia, Montparnasse Cemetery, Paris. The School of Athens. Stanza della Segnatura, Vatican Palace, Rome. Arc de Triomphe, Paris.
This format has a distinctly differently structure and format than the other styles. Within parentheses, write the year that the book was published. Outside the final parenthesis, place a period. Write the title of the book in italics and sentence case and then insert a period. Type the city and state of publication, a colon, the name of the publisher and end with a period. Libraries in the ancient world.
The Chicago Manual of Style is the oldest and considered the most comprehensive style guide. It is often used for literature, history or art research papers. According to the 16th edition of the Chicago manual, your research paper should feature a bibliography page. End with a period. A Natural History of Four Meals.
Fitzalan Gorman has more than 10 years of academic and commercial experience in research and writing. She has written speeches and text for CEOs, company presidents and leaders of major nonprofit organizations. Gorman has published for professional cycling teams and various health and fitness websites. Use our citation tool to automatically generate your bibliography for any website. How to Write a Bibliography for a Dissertation. How to Write a College Level Bibliography.
How to Write a Bibliography for a Research Report. Accessed 14 September
A bibliography is a list of the sources you used to get information for your report. It is included at the end of your report, on the last page (or last few pages). You will find it easier to prepare your final bibliography if you keep track of each book, encyclopedia, or article you use as you are reading and taking notes.
By YourDictionary. You should compile a bibliography when writing an essay, article, or research paper that relies heavily on source material. A bibliography is an alphabetized list of sources that have been used to compile data, typically in .
It was mentioned previously that a definition of bibliography states that it is a completed listing of every source used during the research and creation of a paper, whether the source was cited in the text or not. Examples of Bibliography Formats. There are standards for documenting sources of information in research papers. Even though different journals may use a slightly different format for the bibliography, they all contain the same basic information.
Research paper writing guide including step-by-step instruction on picking a topic, effective research, writing, proofreading, and compiling the bibliography. How to write a bibliography. · The bibliography should be at the end. · The first page of the bibliography must be titled, i.e. “Bibliography”, “References” or “Works Cited”. · Sources should be in alphabetical order by last name. · The first line should begin at the margin and the following lines should be indented.