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When authors co-submit and publish a data article in Data in Brief , it appears on ScienceDirect linked to the original research article in this journal.

When authors co-submit and publish a method article in MethodsX, it appears on ScienceDirect linked to the original research article in this journal. Water Research Welcome to the online submission and editorial system for Water Research. Water Research publishes refereed, original research papers on all aspects of the science and technology of water quality and its management worldwide. A broad outline of the journal's scope includes: Treatment processes for water and wastewaters, municipal, agricultural and industrial, including residuals management.

Water quality monitoring and assessment, based on chemical, physical and biological methods. Studies on inland, tidal or coastal waters and urban waters, including surface and ground waters, and point and non-point sources of pollution. The limnology of lakes, impoundments and rivers. Solid and hazardous waste management, including source characterization and the effects and control of leachates and gaseous emissions.

Environmental restoration, including soil and groundwater remediation. The application of mathematical modelling and system analysis techniques. Public health and risk assessment. Audience Biologists, chemical engineers, chemists, civil engineers, environmental engineers, limnologists and microbiologists. This journal has partnered with Heliyon , an open access journal from Elsevier publishing quality peer reviewed research across all disciplines.

Authors can quickly and easily transfer their research from a Partner Journal to Heliyon without the need to edit, reformat or resubmit. Home Journals Water Research. Submit Your Paper Enter your login details below. Username Password I forgot my password Register new account. Username Password I forgot my password. Track accepted paper Once production of your article has started, you can track the status of your article via Track Your Accepted Article.

CiteScore values are based on citation counts in a given year e. More about CiteScore Impact Factor: View More on Journal Insights. Publishing your article with us has many benefits, such as having access to a personal dashboard: This free service is available to anyone who has published and whose publication is in Scopus. Researcher Academy Author Services Try out personalized alert features. Evaporation "E" controls the loss of fresh water and precipitation "P" governs most of the gain of fresh water.

Scientists monitor the relationship between these two primary processes in the oceans. Inputs from rivers and melting ice can also contribute to fresh water gains. Evaporation minus precipitation is usually referred to as the net flux of fresh water or the total fresh water in or out of the oceans. E-P determines surface salinity of the ocean, which helps determine the stability of the water column.

Salinity and temperature determine the density of ocean water, and density influences the circulation. Precipitation also affects the height of the ocean surface indirectly via salinity and density. The ocean surface is constantly being stirred up by wind and changes in density or buoyancy. The ocean naturally has different physical characteristics with depth. As depth increases, temperature decreases because the sun only heats surface waters. Warm water is lighter or more buoyant than cold water, so the warm surface water stays near the surface.

However, surface water is also subject to evaporation. When seawater evaporates, water is removed, salt remains, and relatively salty water is left behind. This relatively salty water can float at the surface; for example, in the tropics it floats because is it so warm and buoyant. At higher latitudes, sea water tends to be salty because of poleward transport of tropical water and to a lesser extent, sea ice formation.

When sea ice forms, the salt is not crystallized in the ice, leaving the remaining waters relatively salty. Also, near the poles, the seawater is cold and dense. The interaction between water temperature and salinity effects density and density determines thermohaline circulation, or the global conveyor belt.

The global conveyor belt is a global-scale circulation process that occurs over a century-long time scale. Water sinks in the North Atlantic, traveling south around Africa, rising in the Indian Ocean or further on in the Pacific, then returning toward the Atlantic on the surface only to sink again in the North Atlantic starting the cycle again. Generalized model of the thermohaline circulation: Deep water returns to the surface in the Indian and Pacific Oceans through the process of upwelling.

The warm shallow current then returns west past the Indian Ocean, round South Africa and up to the North Atlantic where the water becomes saltier and colder and sinks starting the process all over again. Water is an integral part of life on this planet, and NASA plays a major role at the forefront of water cycle research.

By studying each and every variable of Earth's water and energy cycles, "As Only NASA Can", a crucial understanding of the water cycle's effect on global climate is currently underway. Through NASA's water cycle research, we can understand how water moves through the Earth system in the hydrological cycle and we will be in a better position to effectively manage this vital renewable resource and help match the natural supply of water with human demands.

NASA is the only national agency that has the ability to support a full range of water cycle research, from large-scale remote sensing to in-situ field observations, data acquisition and analysis, and prediction system development. Within the next decade, an experimental global water and energy cycle observation system combining environmental satellites and potential new exploratory missions - i. These proposed new approaches are tantalizing, for knowledge of global fresh water availability under the effects of climate change is of increasing importance as the human population grows.

Space measurements provide the only means of systematically observing the full Earth while maintaining the measurement accuracies needed to assess global variability.

This is because whereas some parts of the water cycle increase salinity, other parts decrease it. Global SSS patterns are governed by geographic differences in the "water budget. The lowest SSS occurs in temperate latitudes 40 - 50 degrees North and South , near coasts and in equatorial regions and the highest SSS occurs at about 25 - 30 degrees North and South latitude, at ocean centers and in enclosed seas.

To track changes in SSS patterns over time, scientists monitor the relationship between evaporation and precipitation in the oceans. After the launch of Aquarius in , scientists will be able to produce accurate maps of global E - P.

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Water Cycle Earth's water is always in movement, and the water cycle, also known as the hydrologic cycle, describes the continuous movement of water on, above, and below the surface of the Earth.

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The Water Cycle - Descriptive Essay Example The Earth is composed of 71% water in different states: solid, liquid or gas. It circulates in the atmosphere keeping a delicate balance of temperature and sustaining life on the planet. Research paper on the water cycle septiembre 13, Uncategorized Too much wine, so i don't think essay writing will be brilliant. i think making a coffee would be a good idea and also waste more time.

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The hydrologic cycle, commonly known as the water cycle or the H2O cycle, is one of the most important processes happening on Earth to keep living beings. 1. Challenges and Opportunities in Water Cycle Research: WCRP Contributions. Kevin E. Trenberth. 1. and Ghassem R. Asrar. 2. National Center for Atmospheric Research.