Therefore, water pollution is indeed a very serious concern because it not only has an impact on health and but also can have negative effects on various industries and agriculture. It is therefore highly important to devise methods to reduce the level of water pollution that we are currently facing. Causes, Effects and Control. New Age International, Rely on professional writers with your college paper and take a load off your mind.
Relax while we are working on your essay. Your peace of mind is just one click away. Fresh water is the most important source of life on the earth. Any living thing may survive without food for days however it is impossible to imagine life without water and oxygen. The ever increasing human population enhances the demand of more water for purposes like drinking, washing, performing industrial processes, irrigating crops, arranging swimming pools and other water-sports centres.
Water pollution is done by the people of all over the world because of increasing demands and competitions of luxuries life. Waste products from many human activities are spoiling the whole water and decreasing the amount of oxygen available in the water. Such pollutants are altering the physical, chemical, thermal, and biological characteristics of the water and adversely affecting the lives inside as well as outside the water. When we drink the polluted water, harmful chemicals and other pollutants goes inside our body and deteriorates all the body organs functioning and puts our lives in danger.
Such harmful chemicals also disturb the lives of animals and plants greatly. When plants absorb dirty water through their roots, they stop growing and die. Thousands of seabirds are killing because of the oil spilling from ships and industries.
High level of water pollution is done due to the chemicals coming out of the agricultural usage of fertilizers, insecticides and pesticides. The effect of water pollution varies from place to place upon the type and amount of water contamination. The degradation of drinking water needs an urgent basis prevention method which is possible by the proper understanding and support from the end of each and every person living on the earth.
Water is the most important need of the life on the earth. It makes possible the possibility of any forms of life here and their existence. It maintains the ecological balance in the biosphere. Clean water is very necessary for fulfilling the purpose of drinking, bathing, washing, power generation, irrigation of crops, disposal of sewage, manufacturing processes and many more. Increasing human population causes rapid industrialization and unplanned urbanization which are releasing lots wastes into the small and large water bodies which ultimately degrades the quality of water.
The mixing of such pollutants directly and continuously into the water bodies decreases the self purifying capacity of the water by declining the ozone which kills harmful microorganisms available in the water. Contamination of water deteriorates the chemical, physical, and biological characteristics of the water which is very harmful to the human beings, animals and plants all over the world.
Most of the important animals and plants species have been lost because of the water contamination. It is a global issue affecting the lives in both developed and developing countries.
Whole water is getting polluted to a great level because mining, agriculture, fisheries, stockbreeding, various industries, urban human activities, urbanization, increasing number of manufacturing industries, domestic sewage, etc. There are many sources of the water pollution point source and nonpoint or diffused source depending on the specificity of waste materials discharged from various sources. Point sources includes pipelines, ditches, sewers, etc from industries, sewage treatment plants, landfills, hazardous waste sites, leakage from oil storage tanks which discharges wastes directly into the water bodies.
Diffused sources of the water pollution are agricultural fields, live-stock feed lots, parking lot and streets into surface water, storm runoff from urban streets, etc which pours their discharged pollutants over the larger areas water bodies. Non-point source pollution contributes highly to the water pollution which is very difficult and expensive to control. It is refined by the process of fractional distillation to yield a number of commercially important products such as petrol, diesel oil and tar.
From these different types of oil, seas and rivers are being polluted regularly. Sometime accidental spillage from oil tankers causes drastic damage to the environment through oil pollution.
All types of aquatic forms of life thus face the ill-effects. Water is able to absorb large quantities of heat without appreciably increasing its own temperature or changing from its liquid sate. This high heat capacity means that it is extensively used as a coolant in many industries. The principal user of water as a coolant is the electricity generating industry. They often discharge a huge quantity of hot water and thus causing thermal pollution.
Thermal pollution affects aquatic ecosystems in a variety of ways. In general, the species composition changes as species tolerant of warmer waters replace those unable to adapt. This transition is often accompanied by an overall decrease in species richness. For example, attached algae in heated effluents were reported to show an increase in biomass but a decrease in the number of species represented. Fluoride and Arsenic pollutants are important amongst the inorganic pollutants.
Vast areas of Haryana, Rajasthan and Punjab are highly contaminated with fluoride compounds in potable water. There the amount of fluoride present in water is very high above the danger level. Flow of waste products from glass industry, hydrocarbon producing industry etc. In Rajasthan thousands and thousands of people became disabled due to fluorosis or fluoride pollution. Fluorine is responsible for the decay and damage of calcium of Teeth and bones. Water gets polluted when underground layers of Arsenic come in contact with ground water.
Ground water from the tube-wells is highly contaminated with arsenic compounds in six districts of West Bengal covering a vast area.
Water pollution is the introduction into fresh or ocean waters of chemical, physical, or biological material that degrades the quality of the water 3/5(10).
Water Pollution Essay 1 ( words) Water pollution has become a continuous increasing problem on the earth which is affecting the human and animal lives in all aspects. Water pollution is the contamination of drinking water by the poisonous pollutants generated by the human activities.
Therefore individuals have to realize that water pollutants can lead to long term effects and sometimes death due to the water pollution. The source of the pollutant can end but the long term effects for animal, humans and plant life can last years and even centuries, sometime totally destroying a species. Water Pollution Essay Examples. 69 total results. Water Pollution Is a Threat to Human Civilization and Should Be a Global Issue Prevented by All Countries. 1, words. 3 pages. The Effects of Pollution on Our Water. 1, words. 3 pages. A Review of Puget Sound Report Detailing Industry's Toxic Chemical. words. 1 page.
Writing an essay about water pollution is a cinch, especially if you’ve been reading a lot about the subject. Water pollution is a usual topic in high school and college essays, primarily because it is timely and relevant. Essay on Water Pollution Water covers two-thirds of the Earth’s surface, with over 97% present in the oceans and less than 1% in freshwater streams and lakes. Water is also present in the atmosphere in solid form in the polar icecaps and as groundwater in aquifers (water-bearing rocks) deep underground.