Risk of pancreatitis is also increased. Other effects of alcohol abuse include irritation of the intestinal tract lining and the colon; nausea, diarrhea, vomiting, sweating and loss of appetite; and increase in blood pressure, risk of heart attack and stroke.
These symptoms develop over time. Alcoholism, however, can begin to develop after the first drink. There are many reasons why people start drinking, such as to increase self-confidence, relieve stress, escape from personal problems, overcome shyness, or to overcome a poor self-image.
Abuse of alcohol is defined as the use of alcohol interfering with physical, social, academic, or economic functioning. The first stage of alcoholism involves the use of alcoholism as a way to deal with other problems. The abuser will drink more than the average amount and is usually preoccupied with partying or going out socially to drink.
The drinker will usually deny that a problem exists. The second stage of alcohol abuse begins to interfere with daily activities like work. The drinker finds it typically hard to get through the day without a drink.
It also becomes difficult to get the same good feelings from drinking, so more alcohol is consumed. The drinker will start drinking alone and in secret. Ambition and drive are lost and interest in family and friends goes away.
This leads to the third stage where the alcoholism takes over. The drinker lives for alcohol and nothing else. They experience loneliness and continue to drink even with disastrous results, including financial and personal problems. Alcoholism is the most serious form of alcohol abuse. Once the drinker reaches this stage, serious treatment should be considered. By tracing the steps leading to alcoholism, it is natural to ask what causes the alcoholic to pick up a drink in the first place.
Of course, it is the own personal responsibility of each individual who chooses to ingest alcohol. There are however, outside influences that can effect that decision. The power of the media and the messages it sends out can influence any impressionable person, especially teenagers, to consume alcohol. Characters in film and TV are seen smoking and drinking all the time.
Signs and advertisements for alcohol use fun animals to pitch the drink, or they show a drinker looking sexy and cool. If everyone is doing it and having fun, then everyone else should do it too. That is the message advertisers want the teenager to pick up. Advertisers leave out the negative information on alcohol on purpose.
As a result, teenagers often do not know what the health risks are when they use alcohol. A study done by Washington drug and alcohol officials in showed that the media has major influences in all outlets.
On the other hand, negative effects of drinking were only shown in half of the movies and only one-fifth of the songs. American consumers are heavy consumers of movies, music and TV. So the government is targeting the entertainment and advertising industries in order to change the positive image of alcohol being put out. Anti-alcohol propaganda has proven to be not very effective.
Advertisements promoting alcohol usually make you want to try the product. The ads convince the drinker to buy alcohol so they can feel glamorous, powerful and successful. The ads also use status symbols like cars, jewelries and mansions so that everyone will believe they can have the same lifestyle as long as they buy their products. Visual propaganda is very powerful. Unfortunately, people fall for it many times.
Often times bloody pictures of drunk-driving car accidents are shown. Images of badly torn up bodies can persuade someone to stop drinking for the moment.
While the bloody pictures may make the drinker think twice, the effects are not huge in preventing alcoholism. A lot of the anti-alcohol propaganda is about driving drunk. Drinking and driving is a combination that leads to horrible accidents. Driving while under the influence is a serious concern that has gained more and more attention.
According to the U. Surgeon General, the leading cause of death for year olds is drunk driving. Getting behind the wheel puts in danger not only the driver who is drunk, but any passengers and non-drinking bystanders as well.
The government and police force have come up with several ways to prevent drinking and driving. One of the methods is through a blood test. This is the most difficult one to carry out because it usually requires the person to go to a hospital after being pulled over by the police.
Another test police administer is a breathalyzer test. The policeman will make the driver breath into a tube that is able to read the level of alcohol in the blood.
This is a valuable test because the police are able to do it as soon as they pull over the drunk driver. The third test is less scientific. The police have the drunk driver attempt to walk a straight line and then cross their legs in the format of a number four. If they have been drinking, then they will be unable to stand up straight, their eyes will be redder, and they will lose their balance.
Even though there should be more tests and more instructive propaganda on the subject of drinking and driving, the steps policemen take now do help to save lives. Unfortunately, innocent people can be hurt by drunk drivers. But there are ways to prevent unnecessary accidents yourself. Some ways include volunteering to be a designated driver, trying to avoid driving on rural roads, using four lane highways, avoiding going on the road after midnight, and always wearing a seat belt.
It is also helpful to recognize when friends may be in danger of drinking and driving. A good thing to do is to take away the car keys or simply call a cab. Preventing drunk driving is only one way of fighting alcoholism. To really treat it well requires long-term care in almost every case. There are several treatments today for alcoholics to choose from. Three of the major forms of treatment are Alcoholics Anonymous, psychological treatment, and substance abuse clinics. Through treatment, alcoholics can lead normal, productive and happy lives.
The ultimate goal of alcoholism treatment is to enable the patient to achieve lasting abstinence. Immediate goals, however, are to reduce the drinking in steps.
A short-term treatment that is popular is the day in-patient treatment. This involves the patient going to a treatment facility for about a month to detox their bodies. This method can be helpful as sort of a crash course in alcoholism treatment, but care must continue following the month-long treatment. Other methods last longer, some for 6 months.
These treatments include residential therapy, where the patient is living at a treatment facility for an extended amount of time. Many severe alcoholics need this kind of structure to succeed. The Betty Ford Clinic is an example of a treatment facility that allows patients to live there until they overcome their addiction to alcohol.
Another method to treating alcoholism is outpatient therapy. Outpatient therapy offers a wide variety of programs for patients who visit on a consistent basis. Almost all of the programs will offer psychological therapy of some sort, in the form of individual or group counseling. Often it is easier to talk about the addiction in a group of people with the same problems rather than alone. Out-patient therapy often is not effective by itself for the serious alcoholic.
Usually this therapy is combined with another method. The third method is the most popular one. Alcoholics Anonymous, also known as AA, was founded in It is based on the premise of the 12 steps to recovery.
AA thinks of itself as a community of recovering alcoholics. They share their common problems with drinking and help each other recover from the addiction of alcohol. The main purpose of AA is to help people stay sober. Alcoholics Anonymous consists of more than two million people all over the world. They meet in local groups that can be big or small, some having a handful of drinkers and others having hundreds attend a meeting.
All of the meetings are free. Most Alcoholics Anonymous meetings are open to the public. However, some places have closed meetings in case members want to talk only about their alcohol problems and not be distracted by anyone there who may not be an alcoholic. Alcoholics are encouraged to work the 12 steps. The second step has the alcoholic believe that there is a greater power working that will help the alcoholic stay sober.
This step is an example of the religious influence on the step recovery process. The steps continue to involve the healing process. One of them asks the drinker to go to any friends or family that have been hurt by alcoholism and apologize. Another step asks the drinker to take a sponsor.
If the concentration of alcohol in blood is 1 point, in liver it will be 1,45, in cerebrospinal fluid- 1,50, and in cerebrum — 1, Exactly there this poison accumulates most f all. After drinking of mug of beer, glass of wine, grams of vodka — the alcohol contained in these drinks is absorbed in blood and it goes to the brain with blood stream and the process of intensive destruction of cerebral cortex begins.
Here what happens when alcohol through a stomach and intestine gets into blood: Every erythrocyte carries a unidirectional negative charge, and that is why they have primordially a characteristic to push off from each other. Alcohol is a good solvent; it deletes this protective layer and takes off electric tension. As a result red corpuscles instead of pushing off, begin to stick together, forming more large groups. A process goes according to a principle of snow ball and the size grows with the amount of drunken alcohol.
The smallest diameter of capillary is 50 times thinner than a human hairline, equals 8 microns 0, mm , the smallest diameter of red corpuscles is 7 microns 0, mm.
Therefore it is obvious that a formation, containing several red corpuscles, is not able to move through capillaries. Moving through branching treelike arteries, and then through arterioles of smaller and smaller caliber, at last it reaches the arteriole, which has a diameter, smaller than a clot, and recovers it, fully halting a blood stream in it, consequently, blood supply of separate groups of cerebrum neurons is stopped.
Clots have a wrong form and contain — red corpuscles on the average; their middle size is nearly 60 microns. There are separate clots which contain thousands of red corpuscles. Certainly, the blood clots of such sizes are recovered by arterioles of not so small caliber. For large vessels in a hand, in a leg , gluing together of red corpuscles does not present special danger on the initial stages of alcohol intake.
Treachery of alcohol is also that the organism of a young man possesses the considerable, approximately multiple supply of capillaries, therefore in young days violations of the circulatory system and their consequence show up not so obviously, as in more late years. It can be illness of stomach, liver, cardio-vascular system, neuroses and disorders in the sexual sphere. However, illnesses can be most unexpected: After grams of vodka forever more than 8 thousand of actively workings cells die out at one moment.
But there is an interesting fact that alcohol is used for the treatment of some cardio-vascular disorders. One more fact about alcohol which is vitally important is that if you are sick and you get medical preparations, alcohol must be eliminated fully. It seriously influences the enzymic systems of liver that can result in serious consequences, up to fatal. In fact liver gets the double loading: Drinking of alcohol is absolutely inadmissible and forbidden, when a man uses such preparations as neuroleptics, analgesics, antiphlogistic, soporific, diuretic and antidepressants.
Alcohol can not only grade their effect but also change properties of the preparations, making their action unforeseeable and dangerous. And at last, speaking about treatment, it must be mentioned that alcohol dependence can not be cured at home, so special treatment is conducted in narcological dispensaries and hospitals, in the specialized separations and chambers of mental hospitals by experts in narcology and psychiatrists.
The main tasks of the treatment is the removal of abstinent syndrome, consequences of intoxication, suppression of appetence, creation of impossibility sensitizing to use alcohol, change of attitude toward drunkenness psychotherapy re-orientation, hypnosis. Remember , free research papers, sample research papers and research paper examples on Alcohol topics are traced by plagiarism detection systems.
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