So what is normal child development? Avan and Kirkwood, While Freud highlights the importance aspects of child development, critics would point out that his tendency to focus on sexual urges to explain his concepts.
Another weakness is that the theory seems to be Eurocentric and does not take into account none European cultures. I did not understand why Sara was not able to talk; I was comparing her with my son who was able to talk by the age of two.
Why do we need to know child development? A good knowledge of child development and understanding theories that underpin such knowledge is essential, because it allows us to understand the concept of child development, hence theories of child development. Similarly, understanding theories of language development can help us identify how children such as Sara develop their own language and communication skills. It is therefore important that Social workers understand the process of human growth and how children such as Sara acquire language acquisition.
Doherty and Hughes, There are a number of theories associated with child development; behaviourism and nativists are two of them. Behaviourism focuses on the process of language acquisition, it suggest that children learn through observation and reinforcement. Behaviourist such as Watson and B. Clearly, Sara used language to label objects of interest to her.
In one occasion, I observed Sara naming shapes. When I enquired how Sara learned these, objects, I was told she uses ipad at home. Thus, theoretical knowledge is the key to effective intervention and good assessment when assessing children in need and their families.
The observation and my ongoing learning of aspect of human growth module allowed me to become aware of positions of power and how such power can impact child development. For example, parents or staff at day-care centres or even a social worker abusing their power when dealing with children. Furthermore, while this perspective emphasis on nurturing through reinforcement, in contrast, nativist proponent such as Noam Chomsky would argue that children have their own way of learning language without being reinforced by adults.
These different views helped me understand more about children growth and their language development. Before the observation, I rarely thought and tried to find out how children develop their language skills. But having read the deference perspectives about children development helped me understand and gave me a basic knowledge about child development. He argued that children learn by example, they tend to copy the language or behaviour they see or hear being used around them.
But as learning through social interaction that involve observing what others are doing, learning from them and then communicating with them. During my third observation, I observed number of factors which I taught were crucial in child development. Sara was playing with her peers away from where I was. This gave me an opportunity to observe her in naturalistic setting.
She was able to play alone and with groups and was clearly learning from them. During my observation, I noticed that while Sara was not able to initiate her own speech, she was able to copy and say what she saw or heard. Furthermore, her social interaction was impressive, she played and interacted well with her peers and did not exhibit any sign of isolation.
As child observation has become an important tool for understanding child development, issues such ethics, values and anti-oppressive practice needs to be taken into account.
Good relationship between social workers and services users are central to the effectiveness of good anti-oppressive practice. Dalrymple and Burke states that social workers should seek knowledge, understanding and be able to identify their strengths and weaknesses. Although I did not witness any wrong doing during my observations at the day-care centre, I felt that it is paramount important that one needs to be encouraged to use anti-oppressive practices when working with children and families, in settings such as day-cares and nurseries.
In conclusion, in this essay I have stated that how child observation tasks I have undertaken has opened my eyes to the world of children. Because I have learned something I knew, but did not realise that I knew it. Every day I observed my own children but I rarely give a second thought about such observations.
I have also talked about how my understanding of child development was very limited and the module contents and the child observations boosted my understanding immensely. In addition, I mentioned the child I observed was the same racial background as mine, and felt that I might not get sufficient learning in terms of anti-oppressive and anti-discriminately practice, and because as a potential social worker, it is vital that I need to be exposed to other cultures.
I have also commented that the ethical dilemmas I have faced whilst observing. For example the child was not told that I will be observing her. Ryon sits up with ease. He seems very balanced and sure of himself. His legs are spread apart, and his feet point outward.
He can lean forward with his stomach to the floor and sit back up with some effort. Ryon crawls across the floor with his hands flat on the ground and fingers spread wide. His feet are pointed away from him.
When he goes from crawling to a sitting position, he raises his right leg up and puts his right foot flat on the ground and then leans back on his bottom. When Ryon goes from crawling to a standing position, he crawls to the couch and puts one hand up on the couch while leaning his head backward and plants his right leg on the ground to steady himself.
Then he puts his other hand on the couch and pulls himself up. This takes some effort. Ryon seems to be very tall and heavy for his age and is not walking yet. He does walk along the edge of the couch. He may have trouble walking on his own because of his size. Ryon seems healthy and strong, and his coordination seems typical for his age. Is the infant able to carry, push, or pull objects?
Ryon can carry, push, and pull objects. I observed him pushing a toy car across the carpet in a back and forth motion. Ryon crawled to the toy car and came up alongside it. He put his right hand on the top of the car and placed his fingers through the opening of its front window. At first, he pushed the car over to where his mother was sitting while crawling. Then he paused and stopped pushing the car until he had moved it to his intended position.
He then sat down and pushed the car back and forth making noises as he did. At one point he began to drool, and his mother wiped his mouth. Ryon is displaying typical behavior for his age. He seems to have good motor skills—both fine and gross—for his age.
He is able to grab items that can fit in his hand while crawling, sitting, and standing. Describe the nonverbal communication between the infant and other individuals. How do they respond to each other? Ryon is very interested in facial expressions. When his mother smiles, he smiles back at her. When he is smiling, he opens and closes his hands and, at times, wiggles his toes at the same time. If his mother is not smiling or paying attention to him, he will bring her a toy after watching her for a moment.
I think he is gauging her emotions and likes the comfort of her stare. Ryon watched me also. He wanted to know what I was feeling as well.
I wanted to stay separate from him during my observation but always reacted when he paid attention to me. If I was looking down and taking notes, he would sometimes crawl over to me, sit near my legs with a toy, and periodically look up at me.
I would smile or talk to him about his toy, and that seemed to satisfy him enough to resume his play. He is very social and enjoys interacting with others as well as playing independently for short periods of time.
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I would never have thought to record easy steps to developing communication between a young child and its caregiver. It helps people understand the power and influence they have over the little ones that depend so very much on their caregivers. Other product and company names shown may be trademarks of their respective owners.
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Apr 26, · Child Observation Paper Barbara A. Shaw BSHS August 23, Alma Armendariz Child Observation Paper Jeremy is an month-old boy of Jemez Pueblo decent. Jeremy currently resides with his mother, grandmother, great grandmother, great grandfather, 3-year-old sister and 2-week-old brother.
Dec 17, · Children are so interesting that it's easy to get distracted. This sample paper covers the questions you should be asking yourself before beginning your observation to keep you on railblogau5.gqs: 1.
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