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❶Some writers prefer to write the body of the essay first, then go back and write the introduction. Generally, you know your onions.

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11.1: The purpose of the essay introduction
11.2: What to include in the essay introduction

Exactly how long should your introduction be? This will depend on the total length of your paper and the essay type. For essays that are longer than ten pages, you will most likely need a longer introduction paragraph to fully introduce your topic. Technical essays or research-intensive essays might also require additional length to clearly explain complex topics. In both cases, your introductory paragraph still should not exceed one full double-spaced page.

If you are writing an essay that is shorter than five pages and that is introducing a very simple subject, it is better to limit your introduction to half of a double-spaced page.

Once you have decided on your paragraph length, you can organize your paragraph so that it fits within the selected parameters. This style for writing an intro is exactly as it sounds: The subject matter of each sentence therefore gets more specific as you go. So, a five page essay should have an introduction that is roughly one page. Anything less than 5 pages should not be more than 1 paragraph. It may seem tempting to include a longer introduction with more "fluff," but this isn't a good idea as your professor can sniff it out and it will reduce the overall quality of your writing.

Define key terms or give important background information. To see how the funneling method works, think about how you would write your paragraph line-by-line.

When you use the funneling method, you will start with a broad statement for your opening sentence. The key is to make a general statement about the essay topic in your sentence. Here is an example of a broad sentence that could be used to introduce an essay on the War on Terrorism: This sentence serves as a broad opening because it addresses the topic, the War on Terror, without being too specific in its focus.

The second step in the funneling method is to narrow your topic to a specific time or place. Use freewriting to generate ideas for topics.

Write down any ideas you have that relate to the topic and just write about them for a few minutes. This sentence of the essay introduction focuses the topic by specifying that the topic addresses the time period following September 11, It also narrows down the place by signaling that the paper will focus on United States foreign policy.

The third step in the funneling method is to define key terms or provide important background information. This sentence fulfills this step by defining the concept of terrorism: Keep in mind that it might take several sentences to provide the necessary definitions and background information to your reader. For this step, it is important to consider everything that your reader will need to know to understand your topic and appreciate the argument in your thesis.

In the example above, focus, talk, and struggle are all verbs. This leads to strong parallel construction in a thesis. A complete thesis can then be composed through a little math: Voila, a functional thesis.

Blood imagery in Macbeth most vividly symbolizes the effect guilt can have on a psyche when the main characters focus on the bloody daggers, talk of wading through blood, and struggle to remove the sight and smell of blood.

The same pattern can apply to any essay which seeks to establish and prove a proposition:. In this case, the first words of each prong are each adjectives. The completed thesis would therefore read as follows:. The American government should increase funding for cancer research because increasing numbers of Americans are affected by cancer each year, innovative technologies require funding support and better understanding of cancer will lead to better preventive care.

The result is a clear proposition and a succinct preview of what the argument will discuss. What does the word "conclusion" really mean? What does it mean "to conclude"? Too often we think that it just means "to finish" or "to bring to a close.

A conclusion, therefore, is not merely a summary of what you just wrote in your essay. A conclusion is a summary of what you just wrote in your essay AND a broader statement or inference based on the evidence and logic you've just provided. I particularly like the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill's resource page about conclusions … read it! I have found that this pattern seems to help construct conclusions which go beyond simply "summarizing":.

Here is a document which shows a side-by-side literature based introduction and conclusion. If you do your own online searches for "essay help," be very careful that you don't drift into a "paper mill," where students buy and sell essays.

Using an essay from the internet and passing it off as your own work is plagiarism , will be caught, and will be punished severely. As a reminder, my class policy on plagiarism is articulated in my syllabus see tab above. If you're just looking for help, consider checking out the sites below:. If you find a link that you think is a great resource and which you find useful, email it to me! Powered by WordPress and the Graphene Theme.

Table of contents for Essay Help: More to come soon, but here are a few forms which past students have found useful: Imagine… Funnel Generalization to Specificity: Since the dawn of mankind… Relevant Quotation rarely done well: The animals on Animal Farm… Startling Statement: Have you ever seen a pig walking on two legs?

What if the animals on a farm overthrew the farmer? Use your thesis statement to directly communicate the unique point you will attempt to make through your essay. Avoid including fluff such as "In this essay, I will attempt to show Your outline should be specific, unique, and provable. Through your essay, you'll make points that will show that your thesis statement is true — or at least persuade your readers that it's most likely true. Describe how you're going to prove your point.

Round out your introduction by providing your readers with a basic roadmap of what you will say in your essay to support your thesis statement. In most cases, this doesn't need to be more than a sentence.

For example, if you're writing an essay about the unification of Italy, you might list 3 obstacles to unification. In the body of your essay, you would discuss details about how each of those obstacles was addressed or overcome. Instead of just listing all of your supporting points, sum them up by stating "how" or "why" your thesis is true.

For example, instead of saying, "Phones should be banned from classrooms because they distract students, promote cheating, and make too much noise," you might say "Phones should be banned from classrooms because they act as an obstacle to learning. Transition smoothly into the body of your essay. In many cases, you'll find that you can move straight from your introduction to the first paragraph of the body. Some introductions, however, may require a short transitional sentence at the end to flow naturally into the rest of your essay.

If you find yourself pausing or stumbling between the paragraphs, work in a transition to make the move smoother. You can also have friends or family members read your easy. If they feel it's choppy or jumps from the introduction into the essay, see what you can do to smooth it out.

Read essays by other writers in your discipline. What constitutes a good introduction will vary widely depending on your subject matter. A suitable introduction in one academic discipline may not work as well in another. Take note of conventions that are commonly used by writers in that discipline. Make a brief outline of the essay based on the information presented in the introduction. Then look at that outline as you read the essay to see how the essay follows it to prove the writer's thesis statement.

Keep your introduction short and simple. Generally, your introduction should be between 5 and 10 percent of the overall length of your essay. If you're writing a page paper, your introduction should be approximately 1 page. Always follow your instructor's guidelines for length. These rules can vary at times based on genre or form of writing. Write your introduction after you write your essay.

Some writers prefer to write the body of the essay first, then go back and write the introduction. It's easier to present a summary of your essay when you've already written it. For example, you may realize that you're using a particular term that you need to define in your introduction.

Revise your introduction to fit your essay. If you wrote your introduction first, go back and make sure your introduction provides an accurate roadmap of your completed paper. Even if you wrote an outline, you may have deviated from your original plans.

Given the shortness of the introduction, every sentence should be essential to your reader's understanding of your essay. Structure your introduction effectively. An essay introduction is fairly formulaic, and will have the same basic elements regardless of your subject matter or academic discipline. While it's short, it conveys a lot of information. The next couple of sentences create a bridge between your hook and the overall topic of the rest of your essay. End your introduction with your thesis statement and a list of the points you will make in your essay to support or prove your thesis statement.

I would first narrow your subject down to one sport so you can be more focused. Note that this will likely be an informative essay. After you do this, an interesting hook statement may be an anecdote describing an intense moment in that chosen sport to get your audience interested.

This can be made up or from your own experience with the sport. Not Helpful 1 Helpful 6. An effective hook statement to start your essay about this topic may be a statistic about HIV, or perhaps an anecdote about someone facing this diagnosis and trying to make positive lifestyle changes for their health. Not Helpful 1 Helpful 5. This is easier said than done of course, but a good intro starts with a quote, fact, or brief story that interests the reader. If it interested you while reading or researching, it's a great thing to start with.

Just keep it short and it will be great. Not Helpful 38 Helpful Skip it, write down your main points, and build the body of your essay. Once you know all the areas you want to cover, think about what links them all together, and what the main thing you're trying to convey is. Not Helpful 27 Helpful Start off with a mini thesis which states what the body paragraph is talking about.

Not Helpful 28 Helpful Start with the basics -- what do you think about the topic? What argument can you make about it? Once you have an argument, start jotting down the evidence for the argument. This evidence will make up your paragraphs later on. If it's easiest, just skip the introduction now and come back once you're done -- you'll have all the ideas already drawn out.

My assignment is to summarize an already-written essay: To summarize, you really need to condense what's there and put everything into your own words -- this will include the introduction. It's fine to use the content of the introduction, but make sure not to copy the writing word-for-word.


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Learn How to Write an Essay Introduction and Download Free Sample of Essay Introduction. Find some useful tips on a good introduction structure here.

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To learn how to write an essay introduction in 3 easy steps, keep reading! Why You Need a Good Introduction. Think about how narrow or how broad your introduction should be and what you’ll include in your opening paragraph to help readers understand what you’re writing about.

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Help with essay introduction, - Argumentative essay tips. If you have a complicated or unusual topic and doubt that there's a writer who can cope with it, just place a free inquiry and we'll let you know if we have found a suitable writer. Home Writing Help Academic Essays The Introduction Paragraph(s) Writing Help Academic Essays by Adam Kissel The Introduction Paragraph(s) In a short essay, you have space for only a one-paragraph introduction. Once your essay gets beyond about 10 paragraphs, you can consider a two-paragraph introduction.

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The novel The Help by Kathryn Stockett takes place in Jackson, Mississippi, during the s. A period that saw the segregation of blacks and the superiority of whites. The essay introduction paragraph should contain a proper prequel to the topic and then make an assertion with the thesis statement at the end.