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Research Methodology

Characteristics of hypothesis in Research Methodology

❶Be falsifiable — is it possible to prove or disprove the statement?

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Researchable implies that a question can be answered through empirical research that is, something that science can address and also limited enough that a study could actually hope to answer the question in a reasonable period of time. The requirement that the research question be interesting implies primarily that the question be important in the context of the ongoing scientific discussion of the topic that is, interesting to other researchers.

Hypotheses in Quantitative Studies Research hypotheses in quantitative studies take a familiar form: Generally the independent variable is mentioned first followed by language implying causality terms such as explains, results in and then the dependent variable; the ordering of the variables should be consistent across all hypotheses in a study so that the reader is not confused about the proposed causal ordering.

When both variables are continuous in nature, language describing a positive or negative association between the variables can be used for example, as education increases, so does income. For hypotheses with categorical variables, a statement about which category of the independent variable is associated with a certain category of the dependent variable can be made for example, men are more likely to support Republican candidates than women.

Continuous variables can also be spoken about it categorical terms those with higher education are more likely to have high incomes. Most researchers prefer to present research hypotheses in a directional format, meaning that some statement is made about the expected relationship based on examination of existing theory, past research, general observation, or even an educated guess.

It is also appropriate to use the null hypothesis instead, which states simply that no relationship exists between the variables; recall that the null hypothesis forms the basis of all statistical tests of significance. Hypotheses in Qualitative Studies Hypotheses in qualitative studies serve a very different purpose than in quantitative studies. Due to the inductive nature of qualitative studies, the generation of hypotheses does not take place at the outset of the study.

Instead, hypotheses are only tentatively proposed during an iterative process of data collection and interpretation, and help guide the researcher in asking additional questions and searching for disconfirming evidence. These are hypotheses capable of being objectively verified and tested.

Thus, we may conclude that a hypothesis states what we are looking for and it is a proposition which can be put to a test to determine its validity. Hypothesis must possess the following characteristics:.

Measurement And Scaling Techniques. Analysis Of Variance And Co-variance. Interpretation And Report Writing. Its Role In Research. Research Methodology Interview Questions.

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Quite often a research hypothesis is a predictive statement, capable of being tested by scientific methods, that relates an independent variable to some dependent variable. For example, consider statements like the following ones.

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The research hypothesis is a paring down of the problem into something testable and falsifiable. In the above example, a researcher might speculate that the decline in .

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A hypothesis is an educated prediction that can be tested. You will discover the purpose of a hypothesis then learn how one is developed and written. Examples are provided to aid your understanding, and there is a quiz to test your knowledge. Research Methods in Psychology: Help and Review / . In the scientific method, whether it involves research in psychology, biology, or some other area, a hypothesis represents what the researchers think will happen in an experiment. The scientific method involves the following steps.

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In research, a hypothesis is a suggested explanation of a phenomenon. A null hypothesis is a hypothesis which a researcher tries to disprove. Normally, the null hypothesis represents the current view/explanation of an aspect of the world that the researcher wants to challenge. When formulating research methods (subjects, data collection instruments, etc.), wise researchers are guided by their hypothesis. In this way, the hypothesis gives direction and focus to the research. Here is a sample HYPOTHESIS.